The Spavinaw Water Project Provides Water to Tulsa, Oklahoma
Where does Tulsa’s water come from?
The Spavinaw Water Project provides water to Tulsa, Oklahoma.
An Anecdote about Tulsa’s water in the Early Days
When I first moved to Tulsa in 1984, I visited my parents in Houston, Texas. My Uncle Jimmy (James G. McMurty, Jr.) came over for dinner while I was there and we got to talking. He said, “I lived in Tulsa when I was a kid.” I said, “Oh, really? What was it like?” (I had totally forgotten that his father had been one of the early presidents of the University of Tulsa .) He said, “The water tastes bad… at least it did then.” I said, “When was that?” He said, “1912.”
I hadn’t thought about water tasting bad in a long time. As a child I was a real critic of the way water tasted. I remember as a kid living in Brewster, NY how much my sister Meredith and I loved to come home and drink Brewster water. My parents had an artesian well at our house and the taste was really good. There were a lot of iron mines around our village, and I don’t know if that had anything to do with how good the water tasted or not. It was wonderful. We hated drinking water anywhere else.
In 1984 I really hadn’t thought about water quality or the flavor of Tulsa’s water. In my brain the water in Tulsa in 1984 tasted pretty good — for city water.
Tulsa’s Water Quality in 2014
The quality of Tulsa’s water has significantly improved in the past 100 years. Here is a link to Tulsa’s Annual Water Quality Report — 2014.
The Creation and Expansion of the Spavinaw Water System
So, where does Tulsa’s water come from? Tulsa’s water is piped in from the northeast from Spavinaw Lake and Lake Euchee.
The Spavinaw Water Project began in 1920 as the result of a search for a source of good quality fresh water for the City of Tulsa.
Here is an excerpt from Wikipedia (as the article stands today, July 2, 2014):
Creation of Lake Spavinaw system
Lake Spavinaw Location Mayes County, Oklahoma Coordinates 36.3818°N 95.0477°WCoordinates: 36.3818°N 95.0477°W Primary inflows Spavinaw Creek Primary outflows 275,000 cubic feet per second Max. length 2,400 ft (730 m) Surface area 1,636 acres (662 ha) Average depth 75 ft (23 m) Surface elevation 679 ft (207 m) Settlements Spavinaw, Oklahoma References 
The first official mention of Spavinaw Creek, as a potential water source for Tulsa was a letter from the Mayor of Tulsa to the Secretary of the Interior requesting government engineering aid in solving Tulsa’s water problem. The letter indicated both Spavinaw Creek and Grand River as potential sources. However, no action resulted from this request.
T. C. Hughes, City Engineer, studied government topographic maps and concluded that water could flow by gravity from Spavinaw to a point west of Catoosa, Oklahoma. Hughes included this in a report he published in 1912, estimating the cost at about 100 million dollars.
In 1920, the Tulsa mayor appointed a non-partisan water board. The board, in turn, hired J. H. Trammell to perform as the engineering contractor to plan the Spavinaw project, with W. R. Holway as his assistant. Trammell later left the firm and Holway took over as project manager. Trammel and Holway found that the gravity flow process previously advocated by T. C. Hughes was not only feasible, but could carry water as far as Lake Yahola, much closer to Tulsa that Hughes had estimated. The board then hired George W. Goethals to review the plan and cost estimate. Goethals assessed that both were feasible and practical, and that Trammel’s cost estimate of 6.8 million dollars was adequate.
Groundbreaking for Spavinaw Dam, near the town of Spavinaw, Oklahoma and about 55 miles northeast of Tulsa, occurred October 19, 1922. It created Lake Spavinaw, which was fed by Spavinaw Creek, a perennial stream that drained 400 square miles of Ozark Mountain foothills and a tributary of Grand River (Oklahoma). The lake has a normal surface area of 2.5 square miles and a capacity of 72,400 acre-feet. The normal storage volume is 38,000 acre-feet. In 1922, a pipeline was begun to bring this water to Lake Yahola, located in Tulsa’s Mohawk Park. The project cost $7.5 million. This has been the principal source of Tulsa’s domestic water since then.
Lake Yahola has a capacity of 2 billion gallons. The dam was completed in 1924. The line became operational in 1924, and was the longest such line in the U. S. at that time. Five years later, the city completed the Mohawk Water Treating Plant. This plant currently has a capacity to treat 100 million gallons per day of water.
Expansion of Spavinaw System
Tulsa also approved construction of Lake Eucha on Spavinaw Creek, a short distance upstream of Lake Spavinaw. Completed in 1952, Lake Eucha effectively expanded the storage capacity of the Spavinaw system.
Tulsa completed a second Spavinaw pipeline in 1954, doubling the capacity. According to the City of Tulsa, the average monthly water pumpage rate in 2009 was 103 million gallons per day (MGD). The range during that year was 81.5 MGD in February to 138.2 MGD in July.
Here is current data from the US Geological Service regarding Spavinaw Lake and it’s water supply.
Looking to purchase a secluded log home in the woods near Spavinaw Lake?
Are you looking for a property near Spavinaw Lake or Lake Eucha? Check out all the listings in Spavinaw, Jay, Kansas, and Wickliffe Public School Districts (with the largest lots shown first):
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